Éditoriaux Défense Sécurité Terrorisme Zones de conflits Logistique Livres de référence Liens
Terre Air Mer Gendarmerie Renseignement Infoguerre Cyber Recherche

A New Professional Army for France

A New Professional Army for France

The Reform Schedule (Part 3)

At the President of the Republic's request, the Government launched talks in July 1995 on the adequacy of our Defence tool. Within a new constitutional context, it was essential to draw all the consequences, including the financial consequences, of the geostrategic analyses made in the White Paper dated February 1994.

1. The works carried out by the Strategic Committee

A Strategic Committee was set up, chaired by the Minister of Defence, Charles Millon and seated by major civil and military ministerial officials, the General Secretary of National Defence and members of the President of the Republic's and the Prime Minister's cabinets.

This committee was requested, with reference to the major points set out in the White Paper and on the basis of the conclusions reached by five work-groups comprising members of the Defence departments and qualified personalities from the industrial and economic world, to make proposals to the Government on five main subjects : the modernisation of our force of deterrence, the adequacy of our classic forces, professionalisation and the future of National Service, the destruction of our Defence industry and the modernisation of the management methods within the Ministry.

The aim was to sketch, on the horizon of the coming century, the outline of a profoundly renewed Defence, adapted to present or foreseeable threats on our country at the lowest possible cost to the Nation.

2. The conclusions reached by the Defence Council

The works carried out by the Strategic Committee were launched at the beginning of the summer and contributed to the debates carried out in the Defence Council which met several times between September 1995 and February 1996.

This instance, founded by the Constitution and the statute dated 7th January 1959 concerning the general Organisation of Defence, reunites the President of the Republic, the Prime Minister, the Ministers in charge of Defence, of Foreign Affairs, of Economy, of the Home Office and any other competent personality.

The Defence Council's deliberations have successively focused on the missions allocated to our Armed Forces, on the modernisation of our Force of Deterrence, on the choice between the present mixed Armed Forces and professional Armed Forces, on the size and equipment of our forces, on the financial means to be allocated to our Defence and on the future of National Service. Subsequent to these deliberations, the President of the Republic decided on the future trends for our Defence.

3. The (1997-2015) plan decided by the Head of State

The Head of the State announced all these options to the Nation on 22nd February 1996. They give an outline of what the French Armed Forces will be in about twenty years time, that is to say in the year 2015.

The new-style Armed Forces, that is to say all the human, technical and financial means placed at the disposal of clearly identified missions, constitute what is called a plan in military terms.

4. Drawing up a new programming bill (1997-2002)

Once the general framework of our Defence policy has been decided upon, the next step is to establish how, year by year, the Armed Forces are to reach the goal set out in the plan.

Such is the aim of the programming bill which concerns the years 1997-2002.

Its preparation will give rise to a debate in Parliament in the second half of March.

Following this debate, the Government will draw up a draft for a military programming bill, which once approved by the Defence Council and by the Cabinet will be brought before the House of Commons in mid-May and should be adopted before the beginning of Summer.

5. The debate on the future of National Service

At the same time as the new programming bill is being drawn up, a broad debate will be launched on the future of National Service and will give rise to discussion and to a draft bill in Parliament.

Sources: French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Defence

French Embassies in London and Washington.

For more information, go to French National Defense.


Derniers articles

Verdun 2016 : La légende de la « tranchée des baïonnettes »
Eyes in the Dark: Navy Dive Helmet Display Emerges as Game-Changer
OIR Official: Captured Info Describes ISIL Operations in Manbij
Cyber, Space, Middle East Join Nuclear Triad Topics at Deterrence Meeting
Carter Opens Second DoD Innovation Hub in Boston
Triomphe de St-Cyr : le Vietnam sur les rangs
Dwight D. Eisenhower Conducts First OIR Missions from Arabian Gulf
L’amiral Prazuck prend la manœuvre de la Marine
Airmen Practice Rescuing Downed Pilots in Pacific Thunder 16-2
On ne lutte pas contre les moustiques avec une Kalachnikov...
Enemy Mine: Underwater Drones Hunt Buried Targets, Save Lives
Daesh Publications Are Translated Into Eleven Languages
Opération Chammal : 10 000 heures de vol en opération pour les Mirage 2000 basés en Jordanie
Le Drian : Daech : une réponse à plusieurs niveaux
Carter: Defense Ministers Agree on Next Steps in Counter-ISIL Fight
Carter Convenes Counter-ISIL Coalition Meeting at Andrews
Carter Welcomes France’s Increased Counter-ISIL Support
100-Plus Aircraft Fly in for Exercise Red Flag 16-3
Growlers Soar With B-1s Around Ellsworth AFB
A-10s Deploy to Slovakia for Cross-Border Training
We Don’t Fight Against Mosquitoes With a Kalashnikov
Bug-Hunting Computers to Compete in DARPA Cyber Grand Challenge
Chiefs of US and Chinese Navies Agree on Need for Cooperation
DoD Cyber Strategy Defines How Officials Discern Cyber Incidents from Armed Attacks
Vice Adm. Tighe Takes Charge of Information Warfare, Naval Intelligence
Truman Strike Group Completes Eight-Month Deployment
KC-46 Completes Milestone by Refueling Fighter Jet, Cargo Plane
Air Dominance and the Critical Role of Fifth Generation Fighters
Une nation est une âme
The Challenges of Ungoverned Spaces
Carter Salutes Iraqi Forces, Announces 560 U.S. Troops to Deploy to Iraq
Obama: U.S. Commitment to European Security is Unwavering in Pivotal Time for NATO
International Court to Decide Sovereignty Issue in South China Sea
La SPA 75 est centenaire !
U.S. to Deploy THAAD Missile Battery to South Korea
Maintien en condition des matériels : reprendre l’initiative
La veste « léopard », premier uniforme militaire de camouflage
Océan Indien 2016 : Opérations & Coopération
Truman Transits Strait of Gibraltar
Navy Unveils National Museum of the American Sailor
New Navy, Old Tar
Marcel Dassault parrain de la nouvelle promotion d’officiers de l’École de l’Air
RIMPAC 2016 : Ravitaillement à la mer pour le Prairial avant l’arrivée à Hawaii
Bataille de la Somme, l’oubliée
U.S., Iceland Sign Security Cooperation Agreement
Cléopatra : la frégate Jean Bart entre dans l’histoire du BPC Gamal Abdel Nasser
Surveiller l’espace maritime français aussi par satellite
America's Navy-Marine Corps Team Fuse for RIMPAC 2016
Stratégie France : Plaidoyer pour une véritable coopération franco-allemande
La lumière du Droit rayonne au bout du chemin

Directeur de la publication : Joël-François Dumont
Comité de rédaction : Jacques de Lestapis, Hugues Dumont, François de Vries (Bruxelles), Hans-Ulrich Helfer (Suisse), Michael Hellerforth (Allemagne).
Comité militaire : VAE Guy Labouérie (†), GAA François Mermet (2S), CF Patrice Théry (Asie).