Éditoriaux Défense Sécurité Terrorisme Zones de conflits Logistique Livres de référence Liens
Terre Air Mer Gendarmerie Renseignement Infoguerre Cyber Recherche

Shadow Warriors Take the Fight to Taliban, Al Qaeda

Shadow Warriors Take the Fight to Taliban, Al Qaeda

By Jim Garamone, American Forces Press Service.

Washington D.C. -- (AFPS) October 24, 2001 -- The war against terrorism is a new kind of war requiring different types of tactics, Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld has said.

In this war, U.S. forces do not oppose an opponent's army, navy or air force. Rather they face shadowy bands of Al Qaeda terrorists and their Taliban supporters. Left alone, these terrorist groups have all the advantages: They can choose the weapons, the means, and the time and place of attack, Rumsfeld said.

The only defense against terrorism is to take the battle to them.

"How do you do that?" Rumsfeld asked during a Pentagon press briefing. "You don't do it with conventional capabilities, you do it with unconventional capabilities. And therefore, the United States and other countries in the coalition simply have to fashion ways to use the kinds of technologies that we have and the kinds of capabilities that we've developed over years to accomplish the task. And that means it's going to be a variety of different things, as I say, some that are open and some that are less open."

It means that the military portion of the fight against terrorism will be carried by the "Shadow Warriors" of the U.S. Special Operations Command.

Special operations forces have been a part of the U.S. military since before the United States was a nation. The Army Ranger Regiment, for example, traces its lineage to Rogers' Rangers of the French and Indian War.

Today's special operations forces come from the Army, Navy and Air Force. While the Marine Corps has special units and capabilities, it is not a part of U.S. Special Operations Command. About 46,000 active duty, reserve and civilian men and women work for the command worldwide, said headquarters officials at MacDill Air Force Base, Florida.

All special operations forces share general characteristics including specialized equipment, training and tactics. These characteristics also include an understanding of the area of operations and, often, language capabilities. Finally, special operations forces are flexible in size and mission, and the personnel understand the political complexities of their missions.

The Army has the longest history with special operations forces and the greatest number of them.

The 75th Ranger Regiment is a direct action strike force equally skilled in day and night fighting. The Rangers can deploy rapidly at any strength. They're intended to get in, hit hard and get out. Like all special operations forces, the Rangers do not have a large logistical element.

"Rangers Lead the Way" is a saying that grew out of the storming of the Pointe du Hoc, a line of cliffs off Normandy's Omaha Beach on June 6, 1944. Once again they proved the motto true with their assault in Afghanistan on Oct. 19, according to Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Air Force Gen. Richard Myers.

Army Special Forces are known by their distinctive headgear -- the Green Beret. Started in 1952 at Fort Bragg, N.C., SF soldiers receive training across a variety of military skills. Each member can perform the job of every other member. The main mission for these soldiers is to train, advise and assist host-nation military or paramilitary forces in a variety of conventional and unconventional warfare techniques. These soldiers specialize in regions and learn the language and dialects of the people they work with.

The 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment is known as the "Night Stalkers." Based at Fort Campbell, Kentucky, the regiment employs state-of-the-art equipment to precisely land troops and provide airborne protection.

Psychological operations forces also come under special operations. These units reinforce attitudes and responses in populations that support the United States. These soldiers also specialize in specific geographical areas and are sensitive to linguistic and cultural aspects of those areas.

U.S. Army Reserve soldiers make up more than 97 percent of the civil affairs forces in the military. These forces cement a commander's rapport with civilian populations. They also are a traveling "city management team." Civil affairs personnel specialize in public safety, agriculture, economic issues and support to refugees.

Navy special warfare forces are based around the world to give commanders a rapidly deployable small-unit capability. At the heart of these forces are the SEAL teams. Short for "Sea, Air, Land," these 16-man teams primarily deploy from the sea. The units trace their lineage to the "frogmen" of World War II.

Special boat squadrons and units support the SEALs and provide other capabilities such as riverine operations, coastal patrol and support to more conventional Navy actions.

Air Force special operations forces provide helicopter and fixed-wing capabilities across the special warfare spectrum. These "quiet professionals" provide precise firepower, clandestine infiltration and the ability to extract special forces. In addition, these Air Force teams resupply and refuel other special operations forces.

The Air Force also maintains the airborne radio and television transmitters being used in Afghanistan now. Air Force special tactics teams and combat controllers provide combat control, weather, and pararescue capabilities.

The U.S. Special Operations Command provides the special operations forces to the combatant commanders. "Each theater (commander in chief) has a subordinate command dedicated to special operations," said a command official. At U.S. Central Command, for instance, the element is called Special Operations Command, Central.


Derniers articles

Verdun 2016 : La légende de la « tranchée des baïonnettes »
Eyes in the Dark: Navy Dive Helmet Display Emerges as Game-Changer
OIR Official: Captured Info Describes ISIL Operations in Manbij
Cyber, Space, Middle East Join Nuclear Triad Topics at Deterrence Meeting
Carter Opens Second DoD Innovation Hub in Boston
Triomphe de St-Cyr : le Vietnam sur les rangs
Dwight D. Eisenhower Conducts First OIR Missions from Arabian Gulf
L’amiral Prazuck prend la manœuvre de la Marine
Airmen Practice Rescuing Downed Pilots in Pacific Thunder 16-2
On ne lutte pas contre les moustiques avec une Kalachnikov...
Enemy Mine: Underwater Drones Hunt Buried Targets, Save Lives
Daesh Publications Are Translated Into Eleven Languages
Opération Chammal : 10 000 heures de vol en opération pour les Mirage 2000 basés en Jordanie
Le Drian : Daech : une réponse à plusieurs niveaux
Carter: Defense Ministers Agree on Next Steps in Counter-ISIL Fight
Carter Convenes Counter-ISIL Coalition Meeting at Andrews
Carter Welcomes France’s Increased Counter-ISIL Support
100-Plus Aircraft Fly in for Exercise Red Flag 16-3
Growlers Soar With B-1s Around Ellsworth AFB
A-10s Deploy to Slovakia for Cross-Border Training
We Don’t Fight Against Mosquitoes With a Kalashnikov
Bug-Hunting Computers to Compete in DARPA Cyber Grand Challenge
Chiefs of US and Chinese Navies Agree on Need for Cooperation
DoD Cyber Strategy Defines How Officials Discern Cyber Incidents from Armed Attacks
Vice Adm. Tighe Takes Charge of Information Warfare, Naval Intelligence
Truman Strike Group Completes Eight-Month Deployment
KC-46 Completes Milestone by Refueling Fighter Jet, Cargo Plane
Air Dominance and the Critical Role of Fifth Generation Fighters
Une nation est une âme
The Challenges of Ungoverned Spaces
Carter Salutes Iraqi Forces, Announces 560 U.S. Troops to Deploy to Iraq
Obama: U.S. Commitment to European Security is Unwavering in Pivotal Time for NATO
International Court to Decide Sovereignty Issue in South China Sea
La SPA 75 est centenaire !
U.S. to Deploy THAAD Missile Battery to South Korea
Maintien en condition des matériels : reprendre l’initiative
La veste « léopard », premier uniforme militaire de camouflage
Océan Indien 2016 : Opérations & Coopération
Truman Transits Strait of Gibraltar
Navy Unveils National Museum of the American Sailor
New Navy, Old Tar
Marcel Dassault parrain de la nouvelle promotion d’officiers de l’École de l’Air
RIMPAC 2016 : Ravitaillement à la mer pour le Prairial avant l’arrivée à Hawaii
Bataille de la Somme, l’oubliée
U.S., Iceland Sign Security Cooperation Agreement
Cléopatra : la frégate Jean Bart entre dans l’histoire du BPC Gamal Abdel Nasser
Surveiller l’espace maritime français aussi par satellite
America's Navy-Marine Corps Team Fuse for RIMPAC 2016
Stratégie France : Plaidoyer pour une véritable coopération franco-allemande
La lumière du Droit rayonne au bout du chemin

Directeur de la publication : Joël-François Dumont
Comité de rédaction : Jacques de Lestapis, Hugues Dumont, François de Vries (Bruxelles), Hans-Ulrich Helfer (Suisse), Michael Hellerforth (Allemagne).
Comité militaire : VAE Guy Labouérie (†), GAA François Mermet (2S), CF Patrice Théry (Asie).