Éditoriaux Défense Sécurité Terrorisme Zones de conflits Logistique Livres de référence Liens
Terre Air Mer Gendarmerie Renseignement Infoguerre Cyber Recherche

Moscow Treaty Reflects New Relationship

Moscow Treaty Reflects New Relationship

By Linda D. Kozaryn, American Forces Press Service.

Washington D.C. -- (AFPS) July 25, 2002 -- The United States and Russia are moving toward dramatically reducing their nuclear arsenals and clearing the way for a new relationship, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld said on Capitol Hill today.

The two countries are basing relations on cooperation rather than fear of mutual annihilation, the secretary told the Senate Armed Services Committee this morning. He discussed the national security implications of the Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty that President Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin signed May 24 in Moscow. Bush is seeking Senate ratification of the treaty.

Bush and Putin announced their intentions to reduce their operationally deployed strategic nuclear warheads by some two-thirds, to between 1,700 and 2,200 weapons. The reductions reflect the new relationship between the two nations, Rumsfeld said.

"Russia and the U.S. entered into this new century saddled with two legacies from the Cold War -- the adversarial relationship to which we had both grown accustomed and the physical manifestation of that adversarial relationship, the massive arsenals that we had built up," he said. "In the past year, we've made progress in dealing with both."

Rumsfeld pointed out that the treaty was reached without the prolonged negotiations of previous arms control agreements.

"This is the START treaty," the secretary said, holding up a thick notebook. "It is enormous. It was signed in 1991 by the first President Bush and the Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev. It is 700 pages long, and it took nine years to negotiate.

"This is the Moscow Treaty that was concluded by President Bush and President Putin," he said, holding up a document. "It's three pages long, and it took five or six months to negotiate."

The Moscow Treaty is just one element of the growing relationship between the two countries that involves "not just security, but also increasing political, economic, diplomatic, cultural and other forms of cooperation," the secretary said.

The United States now approaches Russia as a friendly power, not an adversary, he noted. "With the recently completed Nuclear Posture Review, the United States is no longer interested in preserving a balance of terror with Russia," he said.

U.S. officials are now working to transform the nation's nuclear posture from one aimed at deterring the Soviet Union to one designed to deter adversaries that may not be discouraged by the threat of nuclear retaliation. "We would have made these cuts regardless of what Russia did with its arsenal," Rumsfeld said.

"We're making them not because we signed the treaty," he explained, "but because the transformation in our relationship with Russia means that we do not need as many deployed weapons as we once needed. Russia has made a similar calculation, and the agreement we reached in Moscow is the result of those determinations, not the cause of them."

America's means of deterrence must change as the nation's adversaries change, Rumsfeld stressed. The terrorists who struck the American homeland Sept. 11, he noted as an example, were not deterred by the massive U.S. nuclear arsenal.

U.S. officials decided to proceed with the cuts in order to invest in other critical areas that defense officials included in the 2003 budget request. They include investments in improved U.S. intelligence collection, analysis, processing and dissemination; a refocused, revitalized missile defense research and testing program; and capabilities to detect and respond to biological attack.

U.S. officials also aim to speed development of unmanned aerial vehicles; produce fast, precision-strike capabilities; and convert four Trident nuclear ballistic missile submarines into stealthy cruise missile and special operations platforms. The budget also includes programs to leverage information technology to seamlessly connect U.S. forces in the air, at sea and on land; protect information networks; improve the survivability of U.S. space systems; and develop a space infrastructure that assures persistent surveillance and access.

Rumsfeld said investments in these and other transformational capabilities in the 2003 budget should allow the United States over time to reduce its reliance on nuclear weapons and to enact the deep nuclear reductions contained in the Moscow Treaty.

AFRTS TV Reports:

 

Derniers articles

Verdun 2016 : La légende de la « tranchée des baïonnettes »
Eyes in the Dark: Navy Dive Helmet Display Emerges as Game-Changer
OIR Official: Captured Info Describes ISIL Operations in Manbij
Cyber, Space, Middle East Join Nuclear Triad Topics at Deterrence Meeting
Carter Opens Second DoD Innovation Hub in Boston
Triomphe de St-Cyr : le Vietnam sur les rangs
Dwight D. Eisenhower Conducts First OIR Missions from Arabian Gulf
L’amiral Prazuck prend la manœuvre de la Marine
Airmen Practice Rescuing Downed Pilots in Pacific Thunder 16-2
On ne lutte pas contre les moustiques avec une Kalachnikov...
Enemy Mine: Underwater Drones Hunt Buried Targets, Save Lives
Daesh Publications Are Translated Into Eleven Languages
Opération Chammal : 10 000 heures de vol en opération pour les Mirage 2000 basés en Jordanie
Le Drian : Daech : une réponse à plusieurs niveaux
Carter: Defense Ministers Agree on Next Steps in Counter-ISIL Fight
Carter Convenes Counter-ISIL Coalition Meeting at Andrews
Carter Welcomes France’s Increased Counter-ISIL Support
100-Plus Aircraft Fly in for Exercise Red Flag 16-3
Growlers Soar With B-1s Around Ellsworth AFB
A-10s Deploy to Slovakia for Cross-Border Training
We Don’t Fight Against Mosquitoes With a Kalashnikov
Bug-Hunting Computers to Compete in DARPA Cyber Grand Challenge
Chiefs of US and Chinese Navies Agree on Need for Cooperation
DoD Cyber Strategy Defines How Officials Discern Cyber Incidents from Armed Attacks
Vice Adm. Tighe Takes Charge of Information Warfare, Naval Intelligence
Truman Strike Group Completes Eight-Month Deployment
KC-46 Completes Milestone by Refueling Fighter Jet, Cargo Plane
Air Dominance and the Critical Role of Fifth Generation Fighters
Une nation est une âme
The Challenges of Ungoverned Spaces
Carter Salutes Iraqi Forces, Announces 560 U.S. Troops to Deploy to Iraq
Obama: U.S. Commitment to European Security is Unwavering in Pivotal Time for NATO
International Court to Decide Sovereignty Issue in South China Sea
La SPA 75 est centenaire !
U.S. to Deploy THAAD Missile Battery to South Korea
Maintien en condition des matériels : reprendre l’initiative
La veste « léopard », premier uniforme militaire de camouflage
Océan Indien 2016 : Opérations & Coopération
Truman Transits Strait of Gibraltar
Navy Unveils National Museum of the American Sailor
New Navy, Old Tar
Marcel Dassault parrain de la nouvelle promotion d’officiers de l’École de l’Air
RIMPAC 2016 : Ravitaillement à la mer pour le Prairial avant l’arrivée à Hawaii
Bataille de la Somme, l’oubliée
U.S., Iceland Sign Security Cooperation Agreement
Cléopatra : la frégate Jean Bart entre dans l’histoire du BPC Gamal Abdel Nasser
Surveiller l’espace maritime français aussi par satellite
America's Navy-Marine Corps Team Fuse for RIMPAC 2016
Stratégie France : Plaidoyer pour une véritable coopération franco-allemande
La lumière du Droit rayonne au bout du chemin





Directeur de la publication : Joël-François Dumont
Comité de rédaction : Jacques de Lestapis, Hugues Dumont, François de Vries (Bruxelles), Hans-Ulrich Helfer (Suisse), Michael Hellerforth (Allemagne).
Comité militaire : VAE Guy Labouérie (†), GAA François Mermet (2S), CF Patrice Théry (Asie).

Contact