Éditoriaux Défense Sécurité Terrorisme Zones de conflits Logistique Livres de référence Liens
Terre Air Mer Gendarmerie Renseignement Infoguerre Cyber Recherche

Army Launching Campaign Against Ecstasy

Army Launching Campaign Against Ecstasy

By Joe Burlas, Army News Service.

Washington D.C. -- (ANS) August 7, 2001 -- Army leaders plan to combat the increasing soldier use of the "club drug" Ecstasy with education, hard cold facts and aggressive random drug testing, said Dr. George Chagalis, director of the Army Center for Substance Abuse Programs.

The center will release a computer slide briefing, complete with "Techno" music, later this month for commanders to train their units on the potential dangers of Ecstasy.

US Army photo

"This drug directly affects the combat readiness of the Army -- that's why we are serious about getting the word out on it," Chagalis said. "Young people today have a feeling of invincibility. They say, 'It won't happen to me,' but the fact is that it does happen to young people."

One myth the briefing should dispel is that Ecstasy clears the system and cannot be detected after 24 hours of use. The fact is it can be detected up to 72 hours after use and its side effects of depression, mood swings and erratic behavior last even longer, said Edwin Fisher, chief of ACSAP's prevention and training branch.

While there is still a lot of research to be done on Ecstasy, scientists do know that it affects the brain by drawing out large amounts of the naturally occurring chemical serotonin. This chemical causes feelings of euphoria and a sense of well-being. However, Ecstasy can cause short-term or even permanent depletion of the brain's serotonin reservoir.

"Without serotonin, you no longer have joy in your life," Chagalis said. "Can you imagine a life without a natural sense of joy in it? You would have to medicated for the rest of your life just for a sense of normalcy."

And like most drugs, you can become addicted to Ecstasy or die of an overdose -- even from a single use, Fisher said.

While the potential adverse effects of Ecstasy are bad enough, Fisher said, throw in the fact most Ecstasy sold on the street is not the real thing, but a mix of other amphetamines and drugs. The sterility of the lab that made the drug is an unknown, he said, and, if Ecstasy is present, you don't know its potency nor what drug or substance it has been cut with.

One common Ecstasy filler is a drug known as PMA. It directly impacts the hormones that regulate body temperature. In a cool environment, users can suffer hypothermia, an abnormal cooling of the body core temperature. In closed, crowded environments like those found at most Rave parties, the effects can be a body temperature of 104 degrees or more and severe dehydration.

"This drug's effect on the body is like a car engine overheating and blowing the radiator," Fisher said. "There are cases where people have died using Ecstasy laced with PMA and their bodies still had a temperature of 107 degrees hours later."

ACSAP statistics showed 39 soldiers came up hot for Ecstasy out of 631,918 urinalysis tests conducted in 1998. Positive tests jumped to 153 out of 627,888 in 1999 and 471 out of 679,640 in 2000. Through the end of June, with one more quarter to go in the fiscal year, more than 620 troops have already been identified through urinalysis tests as having used Ecstasy.

All urinalysis samples sent to Department of Defense labs are tested for THC, cocaine, amphetamines and at least one other drug. The additional tests may be for barbiturates, opiates, PCP or LSD. Ecstasy is an amphetamine.

"We still have a lot to learn about Ecstasy, but brain scans have shown that it alters the basic structure of the brain," Fisher said. "Young people are pretty resilient. Some might be able to take a few times without feeling any visible lasting effects -- but it will catch up with them."

  • For more information on Ecstasy and other club drugs, visit the ACSAP website
 

Derniers articles

Verdun 2016 : La légende de la « tranchée des baïonnettes »
Eyes in the Dark: Navy Dive Helmet Display Emerges as Game-Changer
OIR Official: Captured Info Describes ISIL Operations in Manbij
Cyber, Space, Middle East Join Nuclear Triad Topics at Deterrence Meeting
Carter Opens Second DoD Innovation Hub in Boston
Triomphe de St-Cyr : le Vietnam sur les rangs
Dwight D. Eisenhower Conducts First OIR Missions from Arabian Gulf
L’amiral Prazuck prend la manœuvre de la Marine
Airmen Practice Rescuing Downed Pilots in Pacific Thunder 16-2
On ne lutte pas contre les moustiques avec une Kalachnikov...
Enemy Mine: Underwater Drones Hunt Buried Targets, Save Lives
Daesh Publications Are Translated Into Eleven Languages
Opération Chammal : 10 000 heures de vol en opération pour les Mirage 2000 basés en Jordanie
Le Drian : Daech : une réponse à plusieurs niveaux
Carter: Defense Ministers Agree on Next Steps in Counter-ISIL Fight
Carter Convenes Counter-ISIL Coalition Meeting at Andrews
Carter Welcomes France’s Increased Counter-ISIL Support
100-Plus Aircraft Fly in for Exercise Red Flag 16-3
Growlers Soar With B-1s Around Ellsworth AFB
A-10s Deploy to Slovakia for Cross-Border Training
We Don’t Fight Against Mosquitoes With a Kalashnikov
Bug-Hunting Computers to Compete in DARPA Cyber Grand Challenge
Chiefs of US and Chinese Navies Agree on Need for Cooperation
DoD Cyber Strategy Defines How Officials Discern Cyber Incidents from Armed Attacks
Vice Adm. Tighe Takes Charge of Information Warfare, Naval Intelligence
Truman Strike Group Completes Eight-Month Deployment
KC-46 Completes Milestone by Refueling Fighter Jet, Cargo Plane
Air Dominance and the Critical Role of Fifth Generation Fighters
Une nation est une âme
The Challenges of Ungoverned Spaces
Carter Salutes Iraqi Forces, Announces 560 U.S. Troops to Deploy to Iraq
Obama: U.S. Commitment to European Security is Unwavering in Pivotal Time for NATO
International Court to Decide Sovereignty Issue in South China Sea
La SPA 75 est centenaire !
U.S. to Deploy THAAD Missile Battery to South Korea
Maintien en condition des matériels : reprendre l’initiative
La veste « léopard », premier uniforme militaire de camouflage
Océan Indien 2016 : Opérations & Coopération
Truman Transits Strait of Gibraltar
Navy Unveils National Museum of the American Sailor
New Navy, Old Tar
Marcel Dassault parrain de la nouvelle promotion d’officiers de l’École de l’Air
RIMPAC 2016 : Ravitaillement à la mer pour le Prairial avant l’arrivée à Hawaii
Bataille de la Somme, l’oubliée
U.S., Iceland Sign Security Cooperation Agreement
Cléopatra : la frégate Jean Bart entre dans l’histoire du BPC Gamal Abdel Nasser
Surveiller l’espace maritime français aussi par satellite
America's Navy-Marine Corps Team Fuse for RIMPAC 2016
Stratégie France : Plaidoyer pour une véritable coopération franco-allemande
La lumière du Droit rayonne au bout du chemin





Directeur de la publication : Joël-François Dumont
Comité de rédaction : Jacques de Lestapis, Hugues Dumont, François de Vries (Bruxelles), Hans-Ulrich Helfer (Suisse), Michael Hellerforth (Allemagne).
Comité militaire : VAE Guy Labouérie (†), GAA François Mermet (2S), CF Patrice Théry (Asie).

Contact