|The Schwerin Declaration (2)|
The Schwerin Declaration (2)
79 Franco-German Consultations: Schwerin Declaration issued in Schwerin on July 30, 2002 after the meeting of the Franco-German Defence and Security Council. Source: French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Paris.
France and Germany intend giving a new impetus to the development of the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP). This is an essential element of the European enterprise and vital if the European Union is to be capable of international action. The European Union must go on rapidly strengthening the capabilities it requires for its security and defence policy. It must commit these capabilities wherever circumstances dictate and in accordance with its values and interests.
So France and Germany are pleased that from 2003 the European Union Police Mission (EUPM) will be relieving the United Nations Police Mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina, and that the European Union has expressed its wish to take over from NATO in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. This decision now has to be implemented, in full cooperation with NATO and in accordance with the Seville European Council conclusions.
They announce that they are ready and willing swiftly to commit the Franco-German brigade as a separate unit [not as part of Eurocorps] in a peacekeeping operation. The requisite planning has been carried out.
They will continue to support the major role the European Union is playing in the stabilization, democratization and development of the Balkan States.
They welcome the prospect of the European Corps, as a High Readiness Force (Land) Headquarters (HRF (L) HQ), being able to take part in both European Union and NATO operations.
II) ESDP Capabilities/A400M/Air Transport Command/Helios-SAR-LUPE/HQ Multinationalization
The European Union is on course for achieving the civilian and military objectives by 2003. It remains vital for the credibility of the ESDP to continue strengthening European civilian and military assets. Our two countries pledge to make the requisite efforts, while ensuring efficient use of resources.
France and Germany are thus in favouring of enhancing cooperation between the Fifteen, and especially of harmonizing the planning of military needs, and pooling, as far as possible, capabilities and resources.
reiterate, in the strategic air transport sphere, their commitment to the A400 M and call for the completion of the ground work required for the rapid transformation of the European Air Transport Coordination Cell into a European air transport command tasked with assembling the resources and capabilities of all the European Union countries;
also welcome the signature of the agreement on the interoperability of the Helios II optical observation and SAR-Lupe radar observation systems and call for interoperability of the space-based observation systems in order to contribute to the creation of an independent European Union satellite reconnaissance capability;
will provide, when organizing the command of their operational and strategic headquarters, for a growing number of exchanges of officers who will progressively be integrated into these headquarters. France and Germany will also consult their European partners on the multinationalization of these headquarters.
In the framework of the European Capability Action Plan, our two countries will identify the spheres in which they will propose some concrete solutions to develop military capabilities. They seek the development of common solutions in the European Union. These will constitute the European contribution to the efforts undertaken in the NATO framework.
Common European solutions will contribute to strengthening the autonomous high-performance defence technological and industrial base Europe needs.
Joint discussions will be launched on the prospects for armaments cooperation in the European Union.
On the specific subject of the existing cooperation frameworks (OCCAR, LoI [Letter of Intent]), France and Germany will jointly make proposals for their coordination and future development.
III) ESDP/TERRORISM/CFSP/WMDThe ESDP must be tailored to the strategic context.
International terrorism has become a major challenge for our society. We shall continue to fight this threat with the utmost determination. We are convinced that we also need to act in the longer term to avert the threat of terrorism by depriving it of economic, political and sociocultural situations providing a breeding ground for it.
One of the EU's unique features is its ability to use a wide range of instruments to counter all forms of the terrorist threat. The CFSP is one of these instruments. So France and Germany will commit themselves to contributing to a resolute implementation of the Seville European Council's assignment to determine how the CFSP can help prevent and combat terrorism and take account of these tasks in the development of its civilian and military capabilities. They will present joint proposals to this end, particularly regarding protection for the forces deployed.
The European Union must have a common analysis of the risks hanging over its member States. To contribute to this, France and Germany will together carry out an analysis of the threat represented by the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery. This initiative falls within the framework of the common security and defence concept approved by the two countries in Nuremberg in December 1996.
IV) ESDP/European Convention
France and Germany, who have always constituted an engine of Europe, wish to give a new boost to the EU's defence and security dimension. They have therefore tasked the Franco-German Defence and Security Commission with finalising, before the fortieth anniversary of the Elysée Treaty, proposals on the future development of the ESDP with a view to contributing to the work of the Convention on the Future of the European Union. In this context, they will also look at the possibility of an enhanced co-operation project tailored to the CFSP and new possibilities in the sphere of decision-making processes./.