Speech by NATO Secretary General, Jaap de Hoop Scheffer at the “New Defence
Agenda”, Brussels, Palais d’Egmont. Monday, 17 May 2004.
I am delighted to speak at this meeting organised by the New
Defence Agenda. Once again, Giles Merritt has done an exceptional job, not only
in bringing together the right people, but also in asking the right questions.
We are just a few weeks away now from NATO’s Summit meeting in Istanbul. Like
all summits, it will be an important moment in the evolution in our Alliance,
and I would be very happy if the world’s attention was exclusively on our
meeting. But I know better. The NATO Summit will cap a month of intensive,
top-level diplomatic activity, including the G-8 meeting, the U.S.-EU Summit and
the Normandy commemoration. So our Summit will have distinct goals and
accomplishments, but will be part of a wider picture. In today’s fluid strategic
environment, this is as it must be. NATO will act with its partners and other
international organisations to defend against new threats in a new way – by
For the transatlantic community, projecting stability has become the
precondition for our security. Territorial defence remains a core function, but
we simply can no longer protect our security without addressing the potential
risks and threats that arise far from our homes. Either we tackle these problems
when and where they emerge, or they will end up on our doorstep.
The Istanbul Summit will demonstrate how the new NATO projects stability.
• By strengthening our relationships with an ever-growing list of partners, from
the Balkans, to the Caucasus, Central Asia and with the Mediterranean countries
and the wider region.
• Through military operations in the Balkans, in Afghanistan and through the
operation Active Endeavour in the Mediterranean Sea.
• And by modernising the way we organise and deploy our forces for the new
operations, far away from home.
My first priority for Istanbul – NATO’s priority – is Afghanistan. The
importance of Afghanistan for our security is clear. Afghanistan may be halfway
around the world, but its success matters to our security right here.
That is why NATO’s Governments have committed to Afghanistan. Since NATO took
command of ISAF last August, things have turned for the better. Thanks to ISAF’s
patrols, Kabul is safer than it has ever been. We are helping to secure heavy
weapons in the capital. We have now started to expand our presence beyond Kabul.
We are helping to retrain Afghan fighters, to help them reintegrate into
civilian life. In short, NATO’s presence is making a tangible difference.
But we need to do more. I intend to be able to announce, at our Summit, and
alongside 26 Heads of State and Government, that we will further expand our
presence in Afghanistan, by increasing the number of Provincial Reconstruction
Teams. I want NATO to play a strong role in supporting the elections that the UN
is organising for later this year.
I want NATO to be able to say to President Karzai, and the Afghan people, that
the Alliance is helping them towards a better future. A future of peace and
security. A future of increasing prosperity. And a future where their country is
contributing to international security, rather than threatening it. And let me
say – I am confident that this is achievable.
Operations like Afghanistan and Active Endeavour in the Mediterranean are
important, and the ability to conduct such robust military operations makes the
Alliance unique. But operations are only one tool available to NATO. We are also
a forum for political consultations, especially regarding security issues. So
let me be clear: projecting stability means, first and foremost, building
partnerships, to maximise our collective ability to defend the peace. That’s
what our Partnership for Peace and EAPC have always been about. And they are
certainly delivering. Our Partners are with us in Bosnia. They are with us in
Kosovo. And they are making a very important contribution indeed in meeting
NATO’s priority number one: Afghanistan.
At Istanbul, we will enhance our Partnerships to deliver more. We will
concentrate more on defence reform to help some of our partners continue with
their democratic transitions. We will also focus on increasing our co-operation
with the Caucasus and Central Asia – areas that once seemed very far away, but
that we now know are essential to our security right here.
One crucial Partner is Russia. The NATO-Russia relationship alone is a vital
bridge of security across Europe. Both NATO and Russia are safer now that we are
partners. We are working on a range of projects, including on terrorism,
proliferation, civil emergency planning and military–to-military co-operation. I
visited Moscow recently, and I told President Putin that I hope the conditions
will be right for him to come to Istanbul.
Ukraine is another vital partner. It‘s geographic position alone makes its
success a key strategic goal. We are and will remain closely engaged with this
nation; helping them build their democracy and helping build our mutual security.
We want to help Ukraine to integrate further into our Euro Atlantic Community.
NATO is also working hard on building stronger relationships with the
Mediterranean countries and is reaching out to countries in the wider region.
No one today can doubt that these regions matter. Demographics, economics, and
trans-national threats create an ever-closer interdependence between us.
Last week, my Deputy went to countries in the region, in order to explore the
best way forward. We want to hear what these countries have to think. What they
want in terms of dialogue and co-operation. Above all, we want to engage the
countries in the region. And to make sure that there is “joint ownership” of any
new co-operative efforts to enhance our common security.
This is an ambitious undertaking. While the strategic necessity of our
engagement is not in doubt, some may say that with things as they are in the
Middle East, it is not the right time. Others argue, more persuasively, that we
have no time to lose. The Group of Eight and the European Union are also
considering new initiatives, and we will need to complement each other’s
efforts. The time has come to build new bridges to this pivotal region.
Let me add a word about Iraq. Our Summit will take place just 48 hours before a
new interim government is expected to be established in Baghdad. Iraq will be in
the news, and it will certainly remain on our agenda. But, as we all know,
developments there are fast paced. I cannot speculate now on what the situation
will look like at the end of June. That depends on a range of variables,
including necessary Security Council action, events on the ground, and last but
not least the nature and views of the new government. Many Allies have forces
committed in Iraq, and NATO will continue to support the Multinational Division
and follow events closely. Beyond that, I cannot rule out, or predict, possible
decisions by the Alliance.
Istanbul will certainly also highlight the strategic value of a strong
partnership between NATO and the EU. Clearly, as NATO continues to transform,
and the EU is finding its own distinct role as a security actor, our
relationship will continue to evolve as well. We welcome a European Security and
Defence Policy as a means to enhance Europe’s contribution to our common
At Istanbul, we expect to announce that NATO’s mission in Bosnia – SFOR – can be
successfully concluded at the end of the year. The EU has already stated that it
would be ready to deploy a mission into Bosnia, in full co-operation with the
Alliance, and with NATO’s continuing support.
This will be a major step forward in a NATO-EU relationship that is increasingly
guided by pragmatism, close consultation, and transparency. And it will help to
advance NATO-EU co-operation in other critical areas, notably in combating
terrorism and preventing proliferation.
The likely assumption by the EU of additional security responsibilities in
Bosnia, plus NATO’s growing engagement in Afghanistan, has led some to believe
that NATO might depart from the scene in the Balkans. We will not. We will
retain a NATO presence in Bosnia even after the handover to the EU. We will
continue to help the country in its defence reforms. Because our goal remains to
welcome both Bosnia and Herzegovina as well as Serbia and Montenegro in our
Partnership for Peace programme in due course.
Our commitment to Kosovo also remains unflinching. Kosovo remains an enormous
challenge. But the recent outbreaks of violence have only strengthened our
resolve to see this through. When violence flared up in Mid-March, we were able
to quickly reinforce our presence and put out the flames. And we are now far
more deeply engaged in the political process than ever before. There simply is
no trade-off between our missions in the Balkans and Afghanistan. We can do both.
Indeed, we are doing both.
Finally, Istanbul will also demonstrate that NATO’s military transformation is
delivering results. The NATO Response Force is up and running. We will have
completed various initiatives from our Prague Summit, including enhanced airlift
and sealift capabilities and a package of counter terrorism and missile defence
measures. And we will mark the full operational capability of our new Chemical,
Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Defence Battalion.
But transformation means more than new military hardware. It also means
deployability and usability. I intend to ensure that when nations agree to a
mission, we also have the forces we need to carry it out. Our credibility
depends on delivering on our promises. And better force generation and force
planning procedures are critical in this regard. I will set out my ideas on this
subject in more detail in the coming weeks.
Our Istanbul Summit will bring home that NATO is tackling the
new challenges of the 21st century. It will bring home that the new NATO, the
NATO of 26 members, is an Alliance that acts. It acts in the Balkans and
Afghanistan, where our troops make the difference between war and peace. It acts
in the Mediterranean, where our ships engage in anti-terrorist operations. It
acts together with Partners – old and perhaps new Partners. And it co-operates
ever more closely with other international institutions.
That is the new NATO we will showcase in Istanbul: An Alliance in which Europe
and North America are consulting every day on the key security issues before
them. Acting together, in the field, to defend our shared security. And reaching
out to build security where it is needed. Because in a dangerous world, business
as usual is not an option.