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Aerospace Cooperation Between Europe and China

Aerospace Cooperation Between Europe and China

Resolution 120 on aerospace cooperation between Europe and China. Report (Document A/1853) submitted on behalf of the Technological and Aerospace Committee by Mr O'Hara, Rapporteur (United Kingdom, Socialist Group). Source: WEU, Paris, June 3, 2004.

      The Assembly,

i. Noting China's enormous potential in the space sector, both in scientific and technological terms and in terms of the market;

ii. Considering in particular China's recent achievements in the field of satellite launches and manned space flights;

iii. Recalling the fruitful cooperation that has existed for twenty years between the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Chinese National Space Authority (CNSA) in the fields of space-based earth observation and the launch of observation satellites, and in particular their more recent cooperation on the "Double Star" programme;

iv. Considering the importance of the Agreement concluded between the European Union and China on China's participation in the Galileo satellite navigation programme and the problems encountered with the practical implementation of that Agreement due to its security implications;

v. Considering also the development of bilateral cooperation between China and a number of EU member states, and between China and the European and international space industries;

vi. Recalling that the EU's aim of acquiring greater autonomy in the space sector could be furthered by international cooperation, including with China, and that the EU has expressed the intention of developing its strategic partnership with that country;

vii. Considering, nevertheless, that fruitful cooperation between Europe and China would be greatly facilitated if China:

  • showed greater transparency in its objectives and in the information it gives on its
    space programmes;

  • decided to formally join the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR);

  • made greater efforts to reach an understanding with the United States in order to overcome its opposition to China's participation in the International Space Station (ISS);

  • ratified the United Nations Covenant on Civil and Political Rights;

viii. Recalling that it is first and foremost up to China to establish the appropriate conditions, in particular as regards its human rights situation and application of the Code of Conduct on arms exports, for enabling the EU embargo on arms exports to that country to be lifted,

      I)  INVITES the European Union to:

  1. Pursue its evaluation of the conditions in which the EU embargo on arms exports to China could be lifted;

  2. Exert pressure on China to formally join the MTCR and to show greater transparency and provide more information on its programmes and intentions in the space sector;

  3. Establish a regular parliamentary dialogue with China on space cooperation, and support the efforts the European industry is making to develop such cooperation;

  4. Maintain a regular transatlantic dialogue on the implications of including China in international space cooperation,

      II) INVITES the States participating in the Galileo programme to:

    1. Determine the elements of the Galileo programme on which there could be cooperation with China and identify the problems that might arise with such cooperation, with a view to finding appropriate solutions;

    2. Encourage space cooperation between Europe and China in the industrial, scientific and technological areas;

    3. Call on China to set up a civilian space structure equivalent to that of Europe.

  • See Document A/1853 submitted on behalf of the Technological and Aerospace Committee.

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Directeur de la publication : Joël-François Dumont
Comité de rédaction : Jacques de Lestapis, Hugues Dumont, François de Vries (Bruxelles), Hans-Ulrich Helfer (Suisse), Michael Hellerforth (Allemagne).
Comité militaire : VAE Guy Labouérie (†), GAA François Mermet (2S), CF Patrice Théry (Asie).