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The European Union and Peacekeeping in Africa

The European Union and Peacekeeping in Africa

Recommendation 756 on the European Union and peacekeeping in Africa. Report (Document A/1880) submitted on behalf of the Defence Committee by Mr Goris, Rapporteur (Belgium, Liberal Group). Source: Paris, December 1, 2004.

      The Assembly,

  1. Stressing historical, cultural and economic ties between the states of sub-Saharan Africa and many European nations, and the European Union;

  2. Preoccupied by the absence of a lasting solution to problems of instability and the conflicts endured by many African states, particularly Côte d'Ivoire, the Darfur region in Sudan and the Great Lakes Region (Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda) and expressing its concern at the deteriorating political and economic situation in Zimbabwe;

  3. Considering that the situation as regards peace and security remains highly unstable throughout Africa, due to the persistence of flash-points for armed conflict, large numbers of refugees and displaced persons and the difficulties standing in the way of the continent's economic and social development which is being held back partly as a result of the damaging consequences of the AIDS pandemic;

  4. Considering that it is the responsibility first and foremost of African states themselves to resolve their quarrels and internal differences according to whatever principles and methods they regard as most appropriate and having due respect for international and international humanitarian law;

  5. Pointing to the African Union's increasing involvement in resolving conflicts in Africa, usually by peaceful means and by consensus;

  6. Supporting the efforts being made by the African Union to develop its conflict resolution and crisis-management capabilities;

  7. Considering that this process can be carried out quickly and satisfactorily only by stepping up bilateral and multilateral cooperation over crisis management between African countries and the European countries concerned, and between the EU and the AU;

  8. Considering that the EU, with its special relationship with sub-Saharan Africa, should implement a coherent and coordinated multi-dimensional peace and security policy for Africa, in cooperation with the United Nations, NATO and other organisations and countries concerned;

  9. Taking the view that the institutions responsible for the Union's Common Foreign and Security Policy and the European Security and Defence Policy should have a subsidiary role in coordinating bilateral and multilateral initiatives to support African military crisis-management capabilities;

  10. Considering that the EU also has a particular responsibility to provide economic assistance towards the development of sub-Saharan Africa, in particular by means of fair trade and cooperation agreements and by opening up its markets to African products, all of which would make a major contribution towards stability;

  11. Expressing its support for European troops currently being deployed as part of stabilisation, buffer or peacekeeping forces in Africa,

      RECOMMENDS that the Council

  1. Encourage WEU nations to provide support to African countries' military crisis-management capability through education and training and technical assistance (equipment and logistics) programmes;

  2. Improve coordination between the security and defence support programmes currently linking some WEU nations with countries in Africa;

  3. Ensure that WEU nations have the necessary operational capabilities to intervene rapidly, if necessary, in any crises affecting regional and international peace and security and in particular when human rights are infringed;

  4. Encourage the European Union to increase cooperation with the African Union in the area of civil and military crisis management;

  5. Keep the Assembly informed of initiatives taken by WEU nations towards peace and security in Africa.


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Directeur de la publication : Joël-François Dumont
Comité de rédaction : Jacques de Lestapis, Hugues Dumont, François de Vries (Bruxelles), Hans-Ulrich Helfer (Suisse), Michael Hellerforth (Allemagne).
Comité militaire : VAE Guy Labouérie (†), GAA François Mermet (2S), CF Patrice Théry (Asie).