Extensible Mark-Up Language Exceeds Expectations During Testing
Extensible Mark-Up Language
Exceeds Expectations During Testing
Data standard and integration used during the recent
Extended Awareness experiment provided improved situational awareness for
decision makers. By Jennifer Colaizzi,
USJFCOM Public Affairs.
Norfolk, Virginia -- (USJFCOM) January 20, 2005 -- Data standards and
integration exceeded expectations during the recently concluded Extended
Awareness 1 (EA1) experiment, according to USJFCOM officials.
Extensible mark-up language (XML) "decreases the amount of
time it takes the decision maker to orient to the situation and enables quicker
decisions," said Navy Cmdr. James Joyner, USJFCOM Joint Operational Test Bed
Systems (JOTBS) operations director.
According to Joyner, XML, the computer language used during
the experiment, provided a common data set for joint warfighters to communicate
the "where, what, and when" information.
"Warfighters need to know where the target is, what it is,
and when the action is scheduled to take place."
"Warfighters are expressing needs for systems that integrate
information collected from multiple sources and XML is a convenient and
economical solution," he said.
"Previously, systems were designed to handle individual
service needs, and sharing information involved picking up the phone and then
hand-crunching the information into the other data system," said Joyner. "That's
not effective or efficient."
Topping the list of successes during the experiment, XML:
• Enabled the reconnaissance person on the ground to mark a
target and electronically relay the coordinates directly to the aircraft for
automatic tasking of the aircraft's weapons to the target
• Provided automatic machine-to-machine cueing from ground-based sensors to
UAV sensors. XML made it possible for one targeting software system to
visualize the shooters location within seconds
• Provided improved joint warfighter awareness of the intelligence,
surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) data they were viewing - in near real
time with less than a ten-second delay
• Freed-up precious bandwidth by reducing the number of operators needed in
Due to current constraints, military units often have to
carry and launch their own UAV to collect the ISR data they need. XML allows the
warfighter to now request and receive ISR support in near real time and see the
data through the equipment he already has, said Joyner.
Integration makes intelligence timely and accurate for the
consumer, according to John Marshall, chief technology officer for USJFCOM
Intelligence Directorate (J2).
"By providing a set of well defined rules for data exchange
using XML, integration is occurring quicker - weeks instead of months," said
Joyner. "We're not duplicating efforts."
Follow-on events in the EA series will take place at Fort
Huachuca, Ariz., later this year.