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Extensible Mark-Up Language Exceeds Expectations During Testing

Extensible Mark-Up Language Exceeds Expectations During Testing

Data standard and integration used during the recent Extended Awareness experiment provided improved situational awareness for decision makers. By Jennifer Colaizzi, USJFCOM Public Affairs.

Norfolk, Virginia -- (USJFCOM) January 20, 2005 -- Data standards and integration exceeded expectations during the recently concluded Extended Awareness 1 (EA1) experiment, according to USJFCOM officials.

Extensible mark-up language (XML) "decreases the amount of time it takes the decision maker to orient to the situation and enables quicker decisions," said Navy Cmdr. James Joyner, USJFCOM Joint Operational Test Bed Systems (JOTBS) operations director.

According to Joyner, XML, the computer language used during the experiment, provided a common data set for joint warfighters to communicate the "where, what, and when" information.

"Warfighters need to know where the target is, what it is, and when the action is scheduled to take place."

"Warfighters are expressing needs for systems that integrate information collected from multiple sources and XML is a convenient and economical solution," he said.

"Previously, systems were designed to handle individual service needs, and sharing information involved picking up the phone and then hand-crunching the information into the other data system," said Joyner. "That's not effective or efficient."

Topping the list of successes during the experiment, XML:

• Enabled the reconnaissance person on the ground to mark a target and electronically relay the coordinates directly to the aircraft for automatic tasking of the aircraft's weapons to the target
• Provided automatic machine-to-machine cueing from ground-based sensors to UAV sensors. XML made it possible for one targeting software system to visualize the shooters location within seconds
• Provided improved joint warfighter awareness of the intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) data they were viewing - in near real time with less than a ten-second delay
• Freed-up precious bandwidth by reducing the number of operators needed in the "loop"

Due to current constraints, military units often have to carry and launch their own UAV to collect the ISR data they need. XML allows the warfighter to now request and receive ISR support in near real time and see the data through the equipment he already has, said Joyner.

Integration makes intelligence timely and accurate for the consumer, according to John Marshall, chief technology officer for USJFCOM Intelligence Directorate (J2).

"By providing a set of well defined rules for data exchange using XML, integration is occurring quicker - weeks instead of months," said Joyner. "We're not duplicating efforts."

Follow-on events in the EA series will take place at Fort Huachuca, Ariz., later this year.

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Directeur de la publication : Joël-François Dumont
Comité de rédaction : Jacques de Lestapis, Hugues Dumont, François de Vries (Bruxelles), Hans-Ulrich Helfer (Suisse), Michael Hellerforth (Allemagne).
Comité militaire : VAE Guy Labouérie (†), GAA François Mermet (2S), CF Patrice Théry (Asie).