Éditoriaux Défense Sécurité Terrorisme Zones de conflits Logistique Livres de référence Liens
Terre Air Mer Gendarmerie Renseignement Infoguerre Cyber Recherche

Cyber Policy Chief Shares Perspective on Mission

Cyber Policy Chief Shares Perspective on Mission

By Army Sgt. 1st Class Tyrone C. Marshall Jr., American Forces Press Service.

Washington D.C. – (AFPS) – June 12, 2014 – Teamwork, balancing between opportunity and risk, and transparency of intent are the keys to U.S. efforts in the cyber domain, the acting deputy assistant secretary of defense for cyber policy said today.

Speaking at a forum hosted by the Association of the United States Army’s Institute of Land Warfare, Army Maj. Gen. John A. Davis discussed dynamics and trends he has seen driving Defense Department cyber policy, strategy and authority while working over the last six years in senior cyber-related positions.

The first driver of cyber policy has been teamwork and partnerships, the general said. “We say cyber is a team sport a lot,” he said. “I can tell you from my perspective: Don’t underestimate that or think that it’s a cliche. It is not.”

Many public and private organizations have individual roles and responsibilities that are critical in the area of cyber, Davis said. “There’s no doubt everybody’s got a part to play,” he added. “But there’s no single organization -- public or private -- that has sufficient expertise, talent, resources, capabilities, authorities or capacity to act or be successful in isolation.”

From the perspective he has gained in the office of the undersecretary of defense for policy, the general said, he views these partnerships on four levels, which he referred to as “the four I’s.”

The first is internal, he said -- things an organization needs to do within itself to be an effective member of a broader team. The second is interagency, he said, which means a federal whole-of-government approach. The third, industry is the public-private partnership that’s required to be effective. The final “I,” Davis said, stands for international.

The implications of these concepts, the general said, are related to the Defense Department as a member of an interagency team, and its role and responsibility in cyberspace with other elements of the federal government.

After a cross-government cyber exercise, the general said, the three main organizations that formed the basis of the federal cybersecurity operations team -- the FBI, the Department of Homeland Security and the Defense Department -- spent the next year outlining their roles and how they related to each other.

This was done, he added, to provide for effective preparation, response, prevention, mitigation and recovery, from a major cyberattack with the organizations working together as an effective team.

Davis also said President Barack Obama’s cyber policy is “an articulation of a very clear role for the DOD in defending the nation in cyberspace. That’s very important for us as a member of a broader team.”

The second driver, balancing opportunity and risk, refers to growing reliance on information technology environment standing in stark contrast to that environment’s security. “It’s because technology and technological development … have historically focused more on opportunity,” he explained. “We always chase technology, and security’s always behind and trying to keep up.”

The balance is changing, Davis said, but at a slow pace. The Defense Department and the intelligence community have been ringing the bell to alert the public and private sectors of a growing threat to critical infrastructure and key resources, not only in the United States, but also worldwide. “There’s a risk of the proliferation of cyber weapons, and with it, the increasing potential for instability and mistakes,” Davis said. He added that he is most worried about the risk of unintended consequences.

“There’s been a lot of blurring of the lines recently between state and nonstate activity,” the general said. “There’s been an extreme lack of transparency in the ability to gauge intentions. There’s been a lot of reckless behavior that we’ve seen, and we don’t understand the intentions behind it.”

This uncertainty, Davis said, could lead to the next big cyber event as the result of a mistake or of a surrogate being out of control.

Clarity and transparency, the third driver of cyber policy, is desperately needed, Davis said.

“Historically, most of the sophisticated cyber capabilities that we know grew up in darkness and anonymity,” he said, citing hackers, criminals and even the legitimate intelligence community. “But now we are witnessing a growing array of nation-state military cyber capabilities, including our own. But this requires a different model with a bit more light shed on it. Why? To reduce uncertainty and increase stability.”

It’s important to explain clearly what the U.S. military is doing in cyber and why it is doing it, Davis said, and how the United States is exercising careful, deliberate control over what it is doing as a responsible nation. “Clarity and a greater level of transparency are important,” he said. “The question is how much clarity and transparency.”

The general noted that the president and Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel have said the need for clarity and transparency is critical in driving policy, strategy and authorities within the Defense Department and across the government. “This is why we have been increasingly clear and transparent with friends and competitors alike,” Davis said. “We want the world to know about both the capabilities we’re building and the intentions for their use to the degree that it doesn’t impose a disadvantage, and to the degree that we can use this for deterrence measures.”

That’s what a responsible nation does, Davis said, and the United States is setting an example it expects others to follow.

(Follow Army Sgt. 1st Class Tyrone Marshall on Twitter: @MarshallAFPS) : Contact Author

Related Sites:
Special Report: The Cyber Domain

Air Force Gen. Philip M. Breedlove, center, NATO’s supreme allied commander for Europe and commander of U.S. European Command, participates in a wreath-laying ceremony at the La Cambe German War Cemetery in La Cambe, France, June 7, 2014. DOD photo by Army Sgt. 1st Class Tyrone C. Marshall Jr.
Download screen-resolution
Download high-resolution

Click photo for screen-resolution image Air Force Gen. Philip M. Breedlove, right, NATO’s supreme allied commander for Europe and commander of U.S. European Command, and Army Secretary John M. McHugh pay tribute to U.S. Army Rangers at a memorial ceremony in Pointe du Hoc, France, June 7, 2014. DOD photo by Army Sgt. 1st Class Tyrone C. Marshall Jr.
Download screen-resolution
Download high-resolution

Click photo for screen-resolution image Air Force Gen. Philip M. Breedlove, NATO’s supreme allied commander for Europe and commander of U.S. European Command, watches as multinational paratroopers conduct airborne operations in St. Mere-Eglise, France, June 8, 2014. More than 730 troops and 14 veterans made the jump. DOD photo by Army Sgt. 1st Class Tyrone C. Marshall Jr.


Derniers articles

Verdun 2016 : La légende de la « tranchée des baïonnettes »
Eyes in the Dark: Navy Dive Helmet Display Emerges as Game-Changer
OIR Official: Captured Info Describes ISIL Operations in Manbij
Cyber, Space, Middle East Join Nuclear Triad Topics at Deterrence Meeting
Carter Opens Second DoD Innovation Hub in Boston
Triomphe de St-Cyr : le Vietnam sur les rangs
Dwight D. Eisenhower Conducts First OIR Missions from Arabian Gulf
L’amiral Prazuck prend la manœuvre de la Marine
Airmen Practice Rescuing Downed Pilots in Pacific Thunder 16-2
On ne lutte pas contre les moustiques avec une Kalachnikov...
Enemy Mine: Underwater Drones Hunt Buried Targets, Save Lives
Daesh Publications Are Translated Into Eleven Languages
Opération Chammal : 10 000 heures de vol en opération pour les Mirage 2000 basés en Jordanie
Le Drian : Daech : une réponse à plusieurs niveaux
Carter: Defense Ministers Agree on Next Steps in Counter-ISIL Fight
Carter Convenes Counter-ISIL Coalition Meeting at Andrews
Carter Welcomes France’s Increased Counter-ISIL Support
100-Plus Aircraft Fly in for Exercise Red Flag 16-3
Growlers Soar With B-1s Around Ellsworth AFB
A-10s Deploy to Slovakia for Cross-Border Training
We Don’t Fight Against Mosquitoes With a Kalashnikov
Bug-Hunting Computers to Compete in DARPA Cyber Grand Challenge
Chiefs of US and Chinese Navies Agree on Need for Cooperation
DoD Cyber Strategy Defines How Officials Discern Cyber Incidents from Armed Attacks
Vice Adm. Tighe Takes Charge of Information Warfare, Naval Intelligence
Truman Strike Group Completes Eight-Month Deployment
KC-46 Completes Milestone by Refueling Fighter Jet, Cargo Plane
Air Dominance and the Critical Role of Fifth Generation Fighters
Une nation est une âme
The Challenges of Ungoverned Spaces
Carter Salutes Iraqi Forces, Announces 560 U.S. Troops to Deploy to Iraq
Obama: U.S. Commitment to European Security is Unwavering in Pivotal Time for NATO
International Court to Decide Sovereignty Issue in South China Sea
La SPA 75 est centenaire !
U.S. to Deploy THAAD Missile Battery to South Korea
Maintien en condition des matériels : reprendre l’initiative
La veste « léopard », premier uniforme militaire de camouflage
Océan Indien 2016 : Opérations & Coopération
Truman Transits Strait of Gibraltar
Navy Unveils National Museum of the American Sailor
New Navy, Old Tar
Marcel Dassault parrain de la nouvelle promotion d’officiers de l’École de l’Air
RIMPAC 2016 : Ravitaillement à la mer pour le Prairial avant l’arrivée à Hawaii
Bataille de la Somme, l’oubliée
U.S., Iceland Sign Security Cooperation Agreement
Cléopatra : la frégate Jean Bart entre dans l’histoire du BPC Gamal Abdel Nasser
Surveiller l’espace maritime français aussi par satellite
America's Navy-Marine Corps Team Fuse for RIMPAC 2016
Stratégie France : Plaidoyer pour une véritable coopération franco-allemande
La lumière du Droit rayonne au bout du chemin





Directeur de la publication : Joël-François Dumont
Comité de rédaction : Jacques de Lestapis, Hugues Dumont, François de Vries (Bruxelles), Hans-Ulrich Helfer (Suisse), Michael Hellerforth (Allemagne).
Comité militaire : VAE Guy Labouérie (†), GAA François Mermet (2S), CF Patrice Théry (Asie).

Contact