Ready Now. Anytime, Anywhere
By Mass Communication Specialist 2nd
Class (SW/AW) Luke B. Meineke, Navy Region Europe, Africa, Southwest Asia
Naples, Italy – (NNS)
– February 17, 2015 – In 2015 the U.S. Navy Reserve will be 100 years old.
Designed to "deliver strategic depth and operational capability to the Navy,
Marine Corps, and Joint Forces in times of peace or war", the Navy Reserve has
provided support in areas from healthcare to special warfare and everything in
First created in response to the outbreak of World War I, and
through the efforts of then Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels and his
assistant, Franklin D. Roosevelt, legislation for the creation of the Naval
Reserve Force was passed on March 3, 1915. Since that time, reservists have
served in every major war in which the United States has fought.
As of December 2014, 107,687 reservists were serving as
either the Selected Reserve (SELRES), or Individual Ready Reserve (IRR) Sailors,
providing vital naval warfighting and operational capabilities in myriad roles.
SELRES, the largest and most relied upon of the Ready Reserve, consists of
drilling reservists and Full-Time Support (FTS) reservists. Drilling reservists
are reservists who typically fulfill a service commitment of one weekend a month
and two weeks a year of drilling and training. They are available for recall to
active duty status and represent the Navy's primary source of immediate
FTS reservists serve full-time active duty service relating
to the training and administration of the Navy Reserve program. They are
assigned to shore installations or operational units.
IRR reservists are composed of former active duty or reserve
military personnel. Though they typically receive no pay and are not obligated
to drill, conduct annual training, or participate in any military activities,
IRR personnel retain their status as uniformed military personnel. They retain
their military specialty (i.e. rate) and rank, and receive benefits like
entitlement to a military ID card, or NEX and commissary benefits.
Today, reservists assigned to Navy Region Europe, Africa,
Southwest Asia (CNREURAFSWA) contribute and help drive the command's mission to
provide efficient and effective shore service support to U.S. and allied forces
in the Europe, Africa and Southwest Asia area of responsibility.
Approximately 400 reservists from 20 different units spread
throughout the United States are assigned to CNREURAFSWA. Separated into boat
support units (BSU), naval security force (NSF) units and regional units, the
reserve unit locations stretch as far west as Las Vegas to as far east as Long
Island, New York, as far south as Corpus Christi, Texas to as far north as
Reservists from these Navy Operational Support Centers (NOSC)
are assigned to all the installations that comprise CNREURAFSWA, with the
exception of Camp Lemonnier, Djibouti (CLDJ) and Naval Support Facility (NSF)
Deveselu, Romania, which has not been officially commissioned.
"The NSF units are security units, mostly made up of
master-at-arms," explained Regional Operational Support Officer Lt. Cmdr. Micah
Weller. "They are dedicated units that can be brought in if there was an
increase in the force protection condition (FPCON) level. The BSUs focus on port
and air operations, so that would mean boatswain's mates, operations specialists,
aviation boatswain's mates (handling), aviation boatswain's mates (fuels) for
example. They also provide Department of Defense (DOD) firefighters and our
Regional Operations Center (ROC) is augmented from those units."
These service members are essential to the CNREURAFSWA
mission. The ROC unit's mission is emergency response and watch standing, as
well as conducting the exercises necessary to ensure base personnel are prepared
in case of an emergency.
Weller added that the Operational Support Office does a good job of certifying
that the focus is on finding those billets that aren't manned or locating areas
where a command needs support and finding the right reservist or reservists to
step in and provide that support and expertise.
Most importantly, though, he says due to the training they
receive both from the military and from the civilian sector, reservists arrive
ready to contribute.
"The training prepares them to be that support," Weller said.
"For example, master-at-arms conduct all their gun training in the states, so
they arrive prepared to augment and support immediately. However, reservists
bring a unique set of added skills gained from their civilian jobs. For example,
an information systems technician will have his training from the Navy, but
after he transferred to the reserves, maybe he worked at a place like Space and
Naval Warfare Systems Command (SPAWAR) and gained this whole different
perspective and set of skills."
On any particular day, 25 percent of the Navy Reserve is
delivering global operational support to the fleet and combat forces. The unique
perspective and extensive training has and continues to make them an essential
element of the U.S. Navy. On March 3, when the organization celebrates 100 years
of dedicated service and sacrifice, reservists can be proud of their heritage
and that they carry on a legacy of service with distinction both during
peacetime and in times of war, and that they contribute significantly to the
Navy's overall mission to maintain, train and equip forces capable of winning
wars, deterring acts of aggression and engendering and sustaining freedom of the
For more news from Commander, Navy
Region Europe, Africa, Southwest Asia, visit