Éditoriaux Défense Sécurité Terrorisme Zones de conflits Logistique Livres de référence Liens
Terre Air Mer Gendarmerie Renseignement Infoguerre Cyber Recherche

The Day Which Will Live In Infamy

The Day Which Will Live In Infamy

By JO2 Daniel J. Calderon, Staff Writer, Hawai Navy News *.

Hawai -- (HNN) December 14, 2001 -- The memorial over USS Arizona serves as a reminder of Dec. 7, 1941, the day "which will live in infamy..." It spans the midsection of the sunken battleship, seeming to sag in the middle and rise on both ends. The memorial, completed in 1962, bears mute, but powerful, witness to the tragedies and triumphs of the war in the Pacific.

A view of the USS Arizona Memorial after the U.S. Navy 60th Anniversary Commemorative Ceremony.

JO2 Jim Williams Photo

The peak on the entry section represents America's strength just before the attack. The sag in the middle represents the low point when America was defeated at Pearl Harbor and the rise at the other end symbolizes the eventual victory and return to power at the end of the war. Guests enter through the visitor's center and can see museum displays of memorabilia from the ship. Prior to the trip to the Arizona Memorial, a park ranger, or a Pearl Harbor survivor, give visitors a brief talk and then lead them to a small theatre to watch a documentary outlining the events of Dec. 7.

After the documentary, Sailors aboard a Navy boat take visitors to the memorial. There, they can see the entry room, with flags from the states of the ships lost during the attack. They can then go into the main viewing area. Seven openings on the left and right sides of the memorial and ceiling represent a perpetual 21-gun salute. Also in the main area is a viewing well where visitors can look down and get a better look of the remains of the warship.

Beyond the main area is the shrine room where the names of the Sailors and Marines killed in 1941 are inscribed on huge marble slabs. Additionally, the names of those who survived the attack and later chose to be interred with their former shipmates are inscribed on a special plaque.

The overall feeling is not meant to be one of sadness. Rather, the memorial pays homage to those who fought bravely during World War II as well as those who died during the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. Kathy Billings, Superintendent for the USS Arizona Memorial, says it is meant to open people's eyes to what it was like then so they can, hopefully, prevent something like that from happening in the future.

A Pearl Harbor survivor salutes his fallen comrades at the USS Arizona Memorial.

JO2 Jim Williams Photo

"The film before the trip out to the memorial gives mostly facts and figures about the attack," said Billings. "The intent (of the memorial) is to allow each person who visits to experience his own emotional response. That way, the visit becomes a more personal event."

Billings said a visit to the memorial sometimes helps open up a dialogue between those who were actually present during the attack and their families. Survivors find they want to talk about what it was like to serve aboard ships or around Pearl Harbor on that day and throughout the war so their family is able to better understand some of the pain they may have been feeling since then. Other survivors marvel at how young the drivers of the boats are that take them back out to the site where Arizona rests at the bottom of the harbor.

"The faces are so young," said Billings. "It really brings home to some people that those men on the ship never had a chance at a full life."

For visitors who did not serve during the war, the memorial can be the impetus that piques their curiosity about what went on during the war or renews their belief in America.

"People generally come away feeling much more patriotic," Billings said. "They go to the book store and buy flags and there is a great interest in learning more about what occurred that day and why it occurred." She said the search for knowledge might also be what people need to begin the search for peace.

* Volume 26, Issue 49.


Derniers articles

Verdun 2016 : La légende de la « tranchée des baïonnettes »
Eyes in the Dark: Navy Dive Helmet Display Emerges as Game-Changer
OIR Official: Captured Info Describes ISIL Operations in Manbij
Cyber, Space, Middle East Join Nuclear Triad Topics at Deterrence Meeting
Carter Opens Second DoD Innovation Hub in Boston
Triomphe de St-Cyr : le Vietnam sur les rangs
Dwight D. Eisenhower Conducts First OIR Missions from Arabian Gulf
L’amiral Prazuck prend la manœuvre de la Marine
Airmen Practice Rescuing Downed Pilots in Pacific Thunder 16-2
On ne lutte pas contre les moustiques avec une Kalachnikov...
Enemy Mine: Underwater Drones Hunt Buried Targets, Save Lives
Daesh Publications Are Translated Into Eleven Languages
Opération Chammal : 10 000 heures de vol en opération pour les Mirage 2000 basés en Jordanie
Le Drian : Daech : une réponse à plusieurs niveaux
Carter: Defense Ministers Agree on Next Steps in Counter-ISIL Fight
Carter Convenes Counter-ISIL Coalition Meeting at Andrews
Carter Welcomes France’s Increased Counter-ISIL Support
100-Plus Aircraft Fly in for Exercise Red Flag 16-3
Growlers Soar With B-1s Around Ellsworth AFB
A-10s Deploy to Slovakia for Cross-Border Training
We Don’t Fight Against Mosquitoes With a Kalashnikov
Bug-Hunting Computers to Compete in DARPA Cyber Grand Challenge
Chiefs of US and Chinese Navies Agree on Need for Cooperation
DoD Cyber Strategy Defines How Officials Discern Cyber Incidents from Armed Attacks
Vice Adm. Tighe Takes Charge of Information Warfare, Naval Intelligence
Truman Strike Group Completes Eight-Month Deployment
KC-46 Completes Milestone by Refueling Fighter Jet, Cargo Plane
Air Dominance and the Critical Role of Fifth Generation Fighters
Une nation est une âme
The Challenges of Ungoverned Spaces
Carter Salutes Iraqi Forces, Announces 560 U.S. Troops to Deploy to Iraq
Obama: U.S. Commitment to European Security is Unwavering in Pivotal Time for NATO
International Court to Decide Sovereignty Issue in South China Sea
La SPA 75 est centenaire !
U.S. to Deploy THAAD Missile Battery to South Korea
Maintien en condition des matériels : reprendre l’initiative
La veste « léopard », premier uniforme militaire de camouflage
Océan Indien 2016 : Opérations & Coopération
Truman Transits Strait of Gibraltar
Navy Unveils National Museum of the American Sailor
New Navy, Old Tar
Marcel Dassault parrain de la nouvelle promotion d’officiers de l’École de l’Air
RIMPAC 2016 : Ravitaillement à la mer pour le Prairial avant l’arrivée à Hawaii
Bataille de la Somme, l’oubliée
U.S., Iceland Sign Security Cooperation Agreement
Cléopatra : la frégate Jean Bart entre dans l’histoire du BPC Gamal Abdel Nasser
Surveiller l’espace maritime français aussi par satellite
America's Navy-Marine Corps Team Fuse for RIMPAC 2016
Stratégie France : Plaidoyer pour une véritable coopération franco-allemande
La lumière du Droit rayonne au bout du chemin

Directeur de la publication : Joël-François Dumont
Comité de rédaction : Jacques de Lestapis, Hugues Dumont, François de Vries (Bruxelles), Hans-Ulrich Helfer (Suisse), Michael Hellerforth (Allemagne).
Comité militaire : VAE Guy Labouérie (†), GAA François Mermet (2S), CF Patrice Théry (Asie).