On November 15, the European Council launched the European Union Military Assistance Mission (EUMAM Ukraine) to enhance the military capability of the Ukrainian Armed Forces and continue supporting Ukraine against the ongoing Russian war of aggression.
Source — Council of the EU — November 15, 2022 —
The aim of the mission, formally established on 17 October, is to enhance the military capability of the Ukrainian Armed Forces to allow them to defend Ukraine’s territorial integrity and sovereignty within its internationally recognised borders, as well as to protect the civilian population. EUMAM Ukraine has a non-executive mandate to provide individual, collective and specialised training to up to 15 000 Ukrainian Armed Forces personnel over multiple locations in the territory of EU member states.
The Mission Commander will be the Director of the Military Planning and Conduct Capability (MPCC), Vice Admiral Hervé Bléjean.
Furthermore, the Council adopted an assistance measure under the European Peace Facility (EPF) worth €16 million to support the capacity building of the Ukrainian Armed Forces by the EUMAM Ukraine. Both EUMAM Ukraine and the assistance measure were designed based on Ukraine’s operational requirements and will finance the provision by EU member states of:
- ammunition, military equipment and platforms designed to deliver lethal force
- transportation, custody and maintenance and repair of the equipment financed through the assistance measure
The assistance measure will have a duration of 24 months, and adds to the successive EU contributions for Ukraine under the EPF, which now amount to more than €3.1 billion.
The European Union reiterates its support to Ukraine’s independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity within its internationally recognised borders, and its legitimate right to defend itself against the Russian aggression. The EU stands firmly with Ukraine and will continue to provide military, economic, social and financial support for as long as it takes.
On 17 October 2022, the Council adopted a decision establishing EUMAM Ukraine with an initial duration of two years. The mission is a direct response to Ukraine’s request for support addressed to the High Representative. It intends to provide individual, collective and specialised training to Ukraine’s Armed Forces, as well as coordination and synchronisation of member states’ activities delivering the training.
The European Peace Facility was established in March 2021 to finance all Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) actions in the areas of military and defence, with the aim of preventing conflict, preserving peace and strengthening international security and stability. In particular, the European Peace Facility allows the EU to finance actions designed to strengthen the capacities of non EU countries and regional and international organisations relating to military and defence matters. Previous assistance measures under the EPF for Ukraine were agreed on 28 February, 23 March, 13 April, 23 May, 21 July, and 17 October 2022.
- European Union Assistance Mission Ukraine (EUMAM), EEAS website
- Ukraine: EU sets up a military assistance mission to further support the Ukrainian Armed Forces (press release, 17 October 2022)
- Ukraine: Council agrees on further support under the European Peace Facility (press release, 17 October 2022)
- European Peace Facility (background information)
- EU response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine (background information)
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