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The New Challenges Facing European Intelligence (1)

The New Challenges Facing European Intelligence (1)

Source: Document C/1775. Forty-eight Session: The new challenges facing European intelligence - Reply to the annual report of the Council submitted on behalf of the Defence Committee of the Western Union Assembly by Mr Georges Lemoine, Paris, June 4, 2002.

Table of Contents

Recommendation on the new challenges facing European intelligence - reply to the annual report of the Council. Explanatory Memorandum Submitted by Mr Lemoine, Rapporteur.

I. Introduction

II. European intelligence requirements

  • 1. What is intelligence?
  • 2. International crisis management: general and specific defence intelligence
  • 3. Requirements to counter terrorism

III. Current situation and joint projects

  • 1. Intelligence services and co-operation between them
  • 2. Intelligence in the framework of EU politico-military structures
  • 3. Resources, co-operation and projects in intelligence gathering
  • (a) Space imagery
  • (b) Aerial imagery
  • (c) Electronic interception

IV. Conclusions and recommendations

Recommendation N°707

"on the new challenges facing European intelligence - reply to the annual report of the Council, adopted by the Assembly without modifcation, on June 4, 2002.

The Assembly,

(i) Aware of the importance of intelligence in the evaluation of strategic situations in potential crisis areas;

(ii) Recalling the crucial requirement for intelligence in planning the war against international terrorism;

(iii) Noting the need for situation assessments to be carried out jointly so there can be a common European response;

(iv) Aware of the importance of intelligence both in the planning and conduct of military operations by the European Union;

(v) Recalling the importance of human intelligence and the ability to interpret information;

(vi) Aware that the gathering of intelligence will invariably run up against ethical issues and that consequently there is a need for it to be subject to parliamentary scrutiny and for the services concerned to abide by the relevant laws and regulations;

(vii) Noting that the operations in Afghanistan have demonstrated the immense capabilities generated by the use of leading edge technologies such as unmanned aerial vehicles and data communications networks;

(viii) Welcoming the fact that situation evaluation in regard to crises is to fall within the purview of the Secretary-General and High Representative for the CFSP (SG/HR) of the European Union and the importance the Intelligence Division is to have within the European Union Military Staff (EUMS);

(ix) Calling for the development of intelligence exchanges between the EU and NATO;

(x) Regretting the EU's limited capability, notwithstanding the transfer to the Union of the WEU Satellite Centre in Torrejón, for processing images for military use in times of crisis;

(xi) Noting the total absence of joint intelligence gathering structures at EU and WEU level;

(xii) Regretting the low level of European co-operation over intelligence satellite programmes;

(xiii) Noting, however, the existence of optical image and radar exchange agreements between several European Union members,

Recommends that the Council urge EU member governments:

  • In the short term to:

strengthen the organisation set up in the European Union for processing intelligence by organising regular meetings of the chiefs of intelligence services and thematic meetings dealing with the fight against terrorism, defence intelligence and all potential crisis areas;

set up a proper intelligence synthesis cell under the SG/HR, organised along the lines of the EUMS Intelligence Division;

increase resources devoted to intelligence gathering systems - human resources, listening (signals intelligence) satellites and unmanned aerial vehicles - while encouraging every opportunity for co-operation at European level;

develop their special forces and military intelligence units so as to attain the Helsinki headline goal and encourage co-operation between them by organising appropriate exercises;

develop the military capabilities of the Torrejón European imagery centre thus enabling it to deal with interpretation of all forms of images;

  • In the long term to:

define a proper European intelligence policy by establishing a European Intelligence Agency under the responsibility of an Intelligence High Authority;

- define national intelligence policies that are at least partially harmonised and coordinated by such an agency so as to make possible synergy and complementarity in the use of national resources;

- transform the Torrejón Centre into a real European Defence Imagery Office.

Text in French:

Contact Address: The Interim European Security and Defence Assembly; 43, avenue du Président-Wilson, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, Tél. – Fax E-mail : assembly@weu.int Internet : http://www.assembly-weu.org/en/accueil.php


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Directeur de la publication : Joël-François Dumont
Comité de rédaction : Jacques de Lestapis, Hugues Dumont, François de Vries (Bruxelles), Hans-Ulrich Helfer (Suisse), Michael Hellerforth (Allemagne).
Comité militaire : VAE Guy Labouérie (†), GAA François Mermet (2S), CF Patrice Théry (Asie).