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New Challenges for Transatlantic Security Cooperation

New Challenges for Transatlantic Security Cooperation

Recommendation 757 on new challenges for transatlantic security cooperation. Report (Document A/1877) submitted on behalf of the Political Committee by Mrs Papadimitriou, Rapporteur (Greece, Federated Group). Source: WEU, Paris, December 1, 2004.

      The Assembly,

  1. Recognising that the United States and Europe have in common vital interests such as safeguarding democratic values and combating threats to security and prosperity;

  2. Noting that the United States National Security Strategy and the European Security Strategy both have a fairly similar analysis of the security threats their respective continents face but that the United States and the European Union are often at variance over methods and ways of dealing with common threats;

  3. Expressing their deep concern over the danger of terrorist attacks such as occurred, on both American and European soil, in the appalling events of 11 September 2001 in the United States and of 11 March 2004 in Madrid;

  4. Confirming that solidarity between Europeans and Americans in the fight against terrorism is indivisible;

  5. Confirming also that it is essential to conduct the fight against terrorism in a manner that respects fundamental rights and freedoms and the right to a fair trial, and therefore expressing concern with regard to the prisoners at Guantanamo Bay;

  6. Aware of the importance of better consultation between both sides of the Atlantic, particularly in the NATO framework, and stressing that dialogue can be usefully conducted only when undertaken in a spirit of openness and mutual understanding;

  7. Considering the common interest the United States and Europe have in promoting the benefit of political systems that are transparent and respectful of human rights, and of healthy and prosperous economies;

  8. Bearing in mind change within NATO and in particular efforts to adapt its military capabilities to the new security challenges and extend the geographic limits of NATO action;

  9. Regarding it essential for the transatlantic allies to continue to be able to operate alongside one another, while recognising that high-technology arms and equipment are not a universal remedy against all threats;

  10. Regretting that some US authorities are highly critical of European security and defence policy and that even many political analysts have mistaken views about where Europeans stand on issues, and vice versa;

  11. Emphasising the importance of all members of the United Nations complying with all of its resolutions and in that connection deploring the United States' recent unilateral recognition of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia as the "Republic of Macedonia" as running counter to the spirit of UN Security Council Resolutions 817 (1993) and 845 (1993);

  12. Recalling the European Council's determination that the European Union have the capacity for autonomous action, backed by credible military forces in order to respond to international crises;

  13. Stressing that by reinforcing solidarity between European Union member states so that Europe can have more influence in world affairs, EU countries can contribute to the vitality of a renewed Atlantic Alliance and to strengthening the authority of the United Nations;

  14. Recalling the predominant and constructive role being played in Afghanistan by the United States and European allies, particularly through NATO, welcoming the election of President Karzai, but concerned nevertheless at the worrying upsurge in the powers of the warlords and the further extension of opium production;

  15. Considering European-American cooperation to be necessary for rebuilding Iraq's economy and improving security conditions in the country, in particular by strengthening the Iraqi army through NATO's training mission;

  16. Considering that any viable solution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict must include all the parameters of the Road Map and concerned too about the route taken by the security barrier currently under construction, but welcoming the adoption by the Knesset of the plan for Israel to withdraw from the Gaza Strip;

  17. Considering it essential, following the death of President Arafat, for the transatlantic allies to coordinate closely in supporting the holding of the elections scheduled for 9 January 2005 and in promoting a renewal of the peace process in the region;

  18. Considering that Iran has admitted concealment of an ambitious nuclear programme and having engaged in enriched uranium production without notifying the International Atomic Energy Agency, and taking account of recent demands made of Iran by the IAEA Governing Council in connection with the country's nuclear programme;

  19. Hoping earnestly that Americans and Europeans will combine their political offices to secure compliance with, and a strengthening of the existing treaties, in order to prevent proliferation of nuclear, chemical or biological weapons of mass destruction;

  20. Stressing that transatlantic cooperation is the more justified as the danger of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction is further amplified by the risk that terrorist groups may try and produce such weapons themselves or procure them illicitly for their own ends,

      RECOMMENDS that the Council urge WEU member governments to:

  1. Undertake, following the recent presidential elections in the United States, to work closely with President Bush and the new administration, including in multilateral institutions, to promote the rule of law and create a just, democratic and secure world;

  2. Deepen the dialogue in NATO which continues to be the main forum for transatlantic consultation;

  3. Ensure that the efforts the EU and NATO make towards securing the new military capabilities that both genuinely require for dealing with new security challenges complement one another, and endeavour to make good shortcomings and eliminate duplication in this sphere;

  4. Undertake to explain more clearly to the US authorities the mutual advantage to be had from the development of the European Security and Defence Policy and of that policy being complementary to NATO policy;

  5. Strengthen cooperation between the United States and Europe over intelligence;

  6. Make serious efforts to ensure American public opinion is better informed about major developments in Europe, and vice versa;

  7. Deploy within the ISAF framework the requisite peacekeeping forces and Provincial Reconstruction Teams needed on the ground in Afghanistan, and provide Afghans with additional funding towards economic reconstruction;

  8. Give an undivided commitment to setting up a robust NATO mission for training Iraqi security forces and act together in the EU and UN frameworks to contribute both to political stability in Iraq and to the reconstruction of its economy;

  9. Urge the parties to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict to apply all the measures contained in the Road Map, with the aim of achieving permanent settlement of the conflict on the basis of two states, Israel and a sovereign Palestine, living side by side in peace and security;

  10. Draw up, with immediate effect, a closely targeted strategy to assist the Palestinian Authority with policing and political and economic reform and to support the electoral process;

  11. Put pressure on Iran to conform to demands made of it by the International Atomic Energy Agency and ratify the IAEA Additional Protocol providing for a stricter inspection regime at nuclear sites;

  12. Convince the United States to support the establishment of a permanent, independent international agency for verifying disarmament, able to come rapidly to the assistance of the United Nations Security Council and urge the US authorities to sign the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty;

  13. Reach agreement with the United States on giving priority to the fight against the causes of terrorism, in particular by working for greater political openness and economic development in the Islamic world.



 


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Directeur de la publication : Joël-François Dumont
Comité de rédaction : Jacques de Lestapis, Hugues Dumont, François de Vries (Bruxelles), Hans-Ulrich Helfer (Suisse), Michael Hellerforth (Allemagne).
Comité militaire : VAE Guy Labouérie (†), GAA François Mermet (2S), CF Patrice Théry (Asie).

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