Éditoriaux Défense Sécurité Terrorisme Zones de conflits Logistique Livres de référence Liens
Terre Air Mer Gendarmerie Renseignement Infoguerre Cyber Recherche

DOD Readies Elements Crucial to Cyber Operations

DOD Readies Elements Crucial to Cyber Operations

By Cheryl Pellerin, American Forces Press Service.

Washington D.C. – June 27, 2013 – (AFPS) – Hard work by the administration, the services and the leadership at U.S. Cyber Command is putting in place elements crucial to defending U.S. and allied interests in cyberspace, the deputy assistant secretary of defense for cyber policy said in a recent interview.

Eric Rosenbach cited Defense Department progress in creating a concept for operating in the newest warfare domain, building and training a joint cyber force, and updating the standing rules of engagement for operating in cyberspace to align with Presidential Policy Directive 20, or PPD-20, on cyber operations.

Without naming specific countries, Rosenbach also said that senior DOD officials have made a conscious decision to expand the traditional U.S. circle of allied engagement to “key regions” to defend common interests in cyberspace.

“Through an intense deliberative process, the [most senior] leadership in the department decided that we needed to make a significant investment in the people who would constitute the cyber force,” the deputy assistant secretary told American Forces Press Service. “The investment is going into a structure that is now more defined than it ever was in the past, and this has been helpful in having everyone in the department understand what the missions will be for the new influx of personnel.”

From now until at least fiscal year 2016, each service will contribute teams of fully trained cyber warriors to U.S. Cyber Command, which has three operational focus areas: defending the nation, supporting the combatant commands and defending the DOD information networks.

The service teams will become what Cybercom Commander Army Gen. Keith B. Alexander described June 12 in written testimony before the Senate Appropriations Committee as the command’s cyber mission forces, organized into national mission teams, combat mission teams and cyber protection teams.

“The idea of defending the nation in cyberspace is just like it is in other domains,” Rosenbach explained. “If there’s a very significant attack that’s launched against the United States, it’s the department’s mission to stop that attack.”

The main role of the combat mission forces, he added, “is to support the Combatant Commands in their missions and to support contingency operations when directed by senior civilian leaders.”

A contingency operation is one in which members of the armed forces become involved in military actions, operations or hostilities against an enemy of the United States or against an opposing force, according to Title 10 of the U.S. Code.

Rosenbach said the job of cyber protection teams will be to defend DOD’s information networks against all attacks.

“A lot of credit should go to Cybercom leadership for figuring out a structure that would work,” the deputy assistant secretary noted.

Below the large team framework is a smaller team framework, and then specific positions that drive training, standards and exercise requirements for everything Cybercom will do within its mission areas, Rosenbach said. The teams are not completely in place, “but Cybercom has a very good plan within the next few years of getting everyone there trained to standard and operational,” he added.

“It’s going to take time to find and train the right people and get them out there, and also for us to become more confident with the doctrine and the way doctrine works compared to the way the threat is evolving,” Rosenbach said. “We’re doing all these things at once, which makes it very interesting on one hand and very complicated on the other.”
DOD also has made progress in updating the standing rules of engagement for cyber, which had more to do with information technology and network security than operating in cyberspace when they were put in place in 2005, the deputy assistant secretary said.

“It’s important to remember that standing rules of engagement are about defense and defending either your unit or the country or something in particular, like critical infrastructure,” Rosenbach said. “Very often, you’ll see in the press people confusing these standing rules of engagement with something that has to do with offensive cyber operations, but that’s not the case.”

Rules of engagement always are classified to keep such knowledge from adversaries, he noted, “but the intellectual work and process work is complete now, and it’s very close to the official signature.”

The department’s process for establishing standing rules of engagement is closely intertwined with the process for creating a presidential policy directive on cyber operations, Rosenbach said, referring to the classified PPD-20 issued by the White House in October and then leaked to the media this month. But in an unclassified fact sheet released Oct. 16, the White House described PPD-20 as a classified policy that, among other things, does the following:

-- Takes into account the evolution of the threat and growing experience with the threat;
-- Establishes principles and processes for using cyber operations so cyber tools are integrated with the full array of national security tools; and
-- Provides a whole-of-government approach consistent with values promoted domestically and internationally and articulated in the International Strategy for Cyberspace.

“It is our policy,” the fact sheet states, “that we shall undertake the least action necessary to mitigate threats and that we will prioritize network defense and law enforcement as preferred courses of action.”

In Senate Appropriations Committee testimony June 12, Cybercom Commander Army Gen. Keith B. Alexander referred to the presidential policy directive. “Last fall, the departments negotiated and the president endorsed a broad clarification of the responsibilities of the various organizations and capabilities operating in cyberspace,” he said. The Cybercom commander added that the clarification revised “the procedures we employ for ensuring that, in the event of a cyber incident of national significance, we are prepared to act with all necessary speed in a coordinated and mutually supporting manner.”

Rosenbach called the policy an important step forward for the administration and the government.

“It was a very intense yearlong effort to sharpen the decision-making process for deciding when to use cyber operations,” he said. “That includes getting a better conceptual idea of what is offense and what is defense, and it’s the framework you would use to decide when those types of operations are appropriate.”

Rosenbach stressed that offensive operations in cyberspace would be extremely rare and would depend on specific situations. Such a decision is made by the president in very unique cases, he added, “and some of the criteria would be outlined in the presidential directive. “But a very small number of cases would ever be under consideration,” he said.


Related Sites:

Related Articles:

Derniers articles

Verdun 2016 : La légende de la « tranchée des baïonnettes »
Eyes in the Dark: Navy Dive Helmet Display Emerges as Game-Changer
OIR Official: Captured Info Describes ISIL Operations in Manbij
Cyber, Space, Middle East Join Nuclear Triad Topics at Deterrence Meeting
Carter Opens Second DoD Innovation Hub in Boston
Triomphe de St-Cyr : le Vietnam sur les rangs
Dwight D. Eisenhower Conducts First OIR Missions from Arabian Gulf
L’amiral Prazuck prend la manœuvre de la Marine
Airmen Practice Rescuing Downed Pilots in Pacific Thunder 16-2
On ne lutte pas contre les moustiques avec une Kalachnikov...
Enemy Mine: Underwater Drones Hunt Buried Targets, Save Lives
Daesh Publications Are Translated Into Eleven Languages
Opération Chammal : 10 000 heures de vol en opération pour les Mirage 2000 basés en Jordanie
Le Drian : Daech : une réponse à plusieurs niveaux
Carter: Defense Ministers Agree on Next Steps in Counter-ISIL Fight
Carter Convenes Counter-ISIL Coalition Meeting at Andrews
Carter Welcomes France’s Increased Counter-ISIL Support
100-Plus Aircraft Fly in for Exercise Red Flag 16-3
Growlers Soar With B-1s Around Ellsworth AFB
A-10s Deploy to Slovakia for Cross-Border Training
We Don’t Fight Against Mosquitoes With a Kalashnikov
Bug-Hunting Computers to Compete in DARPA Cyber Grand Challenge
Chiefs of US and Chinese Navies Agree on Need for Cooperation
DoD Cyber Strategy Defines How Officials Discern Cyber Incidents from Armed Attacks
Vice Adm. Tighe Takes Charge of Information Warfare, Naval Intelligence
Truman Strike Group Completes Eight-Month Deployment
KC-46 Completes Milestone by Refueling Fighter Jet, Cargo Plane
Air Dominance and the Critical Role of Fifth Generation Fighters
Une nation est une âme
The Challenges of Ungoverned Spaces
Carter Salutes Iraqi Forces, Announces 560 U.S. Troops to Deploy to Iraq
Obama: U.S. Commitment to European Security is Unwavering in Pivotal Time for NATO
International Court to Decide Sovereignty Issue in South China Sea
La SPA 75 est centenaire !
U.S. to Deploy THAAD Missile Battery to South Korea
Maintien en condition des matériels : reprendre l’initiative
La veste « léopard », premier uniforme militaire de camouflage
Océan Indien 2016 : Opérations & Coopération
Truman Transits Strait of Gibraltar
Navy Unveils National Museum of the American Sailor
New Navy, Old Tar
Marcel Dassault parrain de la nouvelle promotion d’officiers de l’École de l’Air
RIMPAC 2016 : Ravitaillement à la mer pour le Prairial avant l’arrivée à Hawaii
Bataille de la Somme, l’oubliée
U.S., Iceland Sign Security Cooperation Agreement
Cléopatra : la frégate Jean Bart entre dans l’histoire du BPC Gamal Abdel Nasser
Surveiller l’espace maritime français aussi par satellite
America's Navy-Marine Corps Team Fuse for RIMPAC 2016
Stratégie France : Plaidoyer pour une véritable coopération franco-allemande
La lumière du Droit rayonne au bout du chemin

Directeur de la publication : Joël-François Dumont
Comité de rédaction : Jacques de Lestapis, Hugues Dumont, François de Vries (Bruxelles), Hans-Ulrich Helfer (Suisse), Michael Hellerforth (Allemagne).
Comité militaire : VAE Guy Labouérie (†), GAA François Mermet (2S), CF Patrice Théry (Asie).