Special Operations Develops
Special Operations Develops
‘Iron Man’ Suit
By Jim Garamone, DoD News,
Defense Media Activity.
Macdill Air Force Base, Florida – (DoD
News) – January 28, 2015 – Tony Stark’s Iron Man suit is cool. But it’s not
The Tactical Assault Light Operators Suit is cool, too. But
it is real and may soon be protecting America’s special operations forces going
into harm’s way.
The TALOS suit “was chartered to explore and catalyze a
revolutionary integration of advanced technology to provide comprehensive
ballistic protection, peerless tactical capabilities and ultimately to enhance
the strategic effectiveness of the SOF operator of the future,” Army Gen. Joseph
L. Votel, Socom’s commander, said at the National Defense Industries
Association’s Special Operations/Low-intensity Conflict Symposium here yesterday.
The joint acquisition task force for the suit was established
in November 2013 and is banking on breakthrough technology -- or technologies --
to protect special operators, Votel said. Socom, he said, has put together an
unprecedented group from industry, academia and government to develop the
And Votel says they are on the mark.
“Although many significant challenges remain, our goal for a
Mark 5 prototype suit by 2018 is on track right now,” he said.
A Holistic System
Future prototype suits have exoskeletons that augment the
power of the operators, Votel explained. They will also feature helmets with
heads-up display technology. Other future prototypes will feature cooling/heating
systems and medical sensors to monitor an operator’s vital signs.
“It’s a holistic system with open systems architecture, so if
a new technology rises we can swap it in,” said a joint task force member
speaking on background during a recent interview at Socom at MacDill Air Force
Base, Florida. “Survivability is our number-one tenet. We have to look not only
at the integration of current systems for personal protective equipment, but
also to augment the guy’s motion.”
This is serious science with risks and serious trade-offs,
and the task force’s main effort this year was to “get as many smart people
working on it as possible,” the task force member said.
A rapid prototyping event was held in Tampa from April to
June 2014. “The idea of the event was to bring industry , Interagency [and]
academia together with special operators to accelerate the development of the
technology and accelerate the brainstorming of the ideas for the suit and the
project,” said a task force member.
More than 200 people from a wide range of disciplines
answered the open call. “Putting those people in one room enabled cross
pollination and an incredible collaborative teamwork atmosphere,” the task force
But the rapid prototyping event was more than simply charting
the way ahead of theorizing on how the various parts would fit together, the
task force member said. There were 3D computer modeling designers participating,
“People could explore concepts by seeing what it would look
like, how it would fit, how it would affect other aspects of the design,” an
engineer said. “Usually in [Defense Department] contracting you don’t get that
kind of immediate feedback. We could actually have a physical model of what we
were thinking about.”
The team went from cutting designs from foam to sculpting it
from clay to 3D printing the prototypes. “We were able to try a group of
different ideas with the experts in the room,” a task force member said.
‘Big Leap’ Challenges Remain
Going into the rapid prototyping event, the task force
members had ideas of what the problems were going to be and the event confirmed
them. “It also pointed to ways we can surmount those challenges and pointed out
challenges we really didn’t think would be that tough,” the engineer of the
An untethered power source is going to be a problem,
officials said. The power will be needed to operate the exoskeleton, cool or
heat the operator and fuel all the sensors in the suit. “Identifying an
untethered power source for extended duration is one leap of technology,” one
official said. “It’s something that doesn’t exist in that man-portable size
technology. If someone has an arc reactor in their basement, I know how they can
make a lot of money.”
The task force is looking at novel materials and materials
used in different configurations. “If you could make armor that was super, super
light and is a leap in technology, that buys down some of our other problems,”
an official said. “We wouldn’t need as much power, for example.
“We’re looking to get those leaps of technologies,” he
continued. “Those leaps of capabilities to the guys so they can do their jobs
better than they do now.”
Suit Sensor Challenges
Another challenge is with the suit’s sensors, officials said.
One problem deals with latency -- the time between when a sensor detects
something and when it is transmitted to the brain. Night-vision goggles are
immediate -- there is zero-difference from when the sensor picks it up and it
hits the eye.
“When I move my head, the picture is with me all the time,”
the engineer said. “The problem with current visual solutions right now is when
I move my head, it lags and takes a second to catch up.”
Today, even the best prototype sensor solution still creates
nausea after being under it for 30 minutes.
The task force never forgets they are developing this suit
for real people, for comrades in arms, and they have constant interaction with
operators, officials said. “The last thing you want to do is build a suit that
nobody wants to get inside,” said one task force member.
The task force has given various pieces of technology to
operators to test. Recently, operators tested various heads-up displays. They
also had user assessment of the first-year exoskeletons. “We had operators from
all components strap them on and run through an obstacle course,” one task force
member said. “We also did functional movement tests. It gives the operators the
chance to come and tell us what they liked and disliked about the prototypes.”
TALOS has a number of civilian uses as well, officials said.
Firefighters may find the initial prototype passive load bearing exoskeleton
suits handy, as would other people working in extreme environments. The results
of tests will be seen not only in the special operations community, but in
improved ballistic protection for all service members.
On the wall of the task force building is a countdown
calendar. The day of the interview, the number read 877 -- the days left before
the Mark 5 first prototype suit must be ready for testing.
“We know why we’re doing this,” one member of the task force
said. “This is life-saving technology. There are challenges, but the juice is
definitely worth the squeeze.”
(Follow Jim Garamone on Twitter: @GaramoneDoDNews)
Army Gen. Joseph L. Votel
U.S. Special Operations Command
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